Learn the differences between U.S. and Canada ELD verification.
Now is the time for Canadian fleets to start transitioning to electronic logging devices (ELDs) as the Canadian transport ministry has announced the official new regulations. The Transport Canada ELD mandate for commercial drivers is aimed at improving road safety and reducing driver fatigue.
Transport Canada requires third-party verification of ELDs
On October 26, 2020, Transport Canada announced that FPI Innovations received accreditation to certify electronic logging devices. This third-party body will help ensure ELDs are safe, reliable, and resistant to tampering.
This independent verification is a key difference to the U.S. process, where ELD manufacturers can self-certify their devices.
Are electronic logs mandatory in Canada?
Currently, drivers of commercial buses and trucks in Canada are required to self-report their on-duty, off-duty and daily driving time, according to the Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service Regulations. Drivers must keep a daily log of driving records. Use of paper logs or electronic recording devices (ERD) to record hours of service (HOS) is permitted.
Official Canadian ELD regulations have been in the works for several years. In 2017, Transport Canada announced that it would be making electronic logging mandatory.
On May 5, 2021 the CCMTA released an announcement providing details around the soft enforcement period, specifically highlighting that it will end on June 12, 2022. At the end of this period, it will be mandatory for drivers that are keeping a daily log of their driving records to use an ELD (Electronic Logging Device).
Understanding the Transport Canada ELD mandate
Watch this video to better understand the Canada ELD mandate and learn about:
Background and timeline
Key differences between the U.S. and Canadian legislation
How to prepare
Definition of an ELD
Transport Canada defines an ELD as a certified device or technology that automatically logs the driver’s driving time and record of duty status.
Benefits of using ELDs, as cited in the announcement, include:
Improving road safety
Minimizing driver fatigue and related crashes
Simplifying administration and making the enforcement checks faster
Supporting economic growth by harmonizing with U.S. regulations
Canadian ELD mandate date
Here is a quick overview of the key dates to be aware of with regard to the Canadian ELD mandate.
Transport Canada ELD timeline
December 16, 2017
The Government of Canada published the proposed Regulations Amending the Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service Regulations (Electronic Logging Devices and Other Amendments), in Canada Gazette Part I: Vol. 151, No. 50.
June 13, 2019
Transport Canada announced that it is mandating the use of ELDs for commercial trucks and bus operators.
June 12, 2022
Enforcement deadline. Carriers must switch from paper daily logs to ELDs before this date.
January 1, 2023
All vehicles manufactured after 2000 for commercial use need an ELD.
Will there be a grandfather period?
The published regulations state that Transport Canada has eliminated the two-year grandfather period for ERDs. As of now, there will not be a grandfather period for the Canadian ELD mandate. This means that fleets already using e-logs will not have extra time allotted and will need to ensure their devices are compliant by 2021 like everyone else.
The reason given is that the process for updating is not as burdensome as initially assumed. The regulations mention that carriers may be able to upgrade their existing devices via over-the-air software updates, instead of needing to replace the whole unit. To confirm upgrade requirements, carriers with ERDs should check with their current providers to see if ELD requirements are needed.
Similarities to the U.S. ELD mandate
The Canadian ELD regulations are similar in many respects to the current U.S. regulations on electronic logging, which went into effect in December 2017. In the U.S., ELD compliance was phased in with full compliance mandated by December 16, 2019.
The Canadian ELD regulations will mimic U.S. regulations in that the ELD will be required to:
Synchronize with the engine
Provide GPS tracking
Capture drive time automatically
Use an on-screen display to show inspectors at roadside
The ELD lets drivers use special driving statuses; Yard Move (YM) and Personal Conveyance (PC)
The ELD has a mechanism to verify logs and agree to edits
Pre-2000 vehicles are exempt from the elogs mandate
Note: This is not a complete list of eld requirements.
Differences from the U.S. ELD mandate
There are some slight differences between the Canadian and U.S. regulations on ELDs.
One key difference is that Canadian ELDs must be third-party certified, not self-certified. In the U.S., ELD devices are self-certified by the manufacturer that they meet requirements, and then registered with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).
Also, Canadian drivers will not transfer logs electronically to a federal system like eRODS in the U.S. Drivers will be required to email a specially created transfer file to officers, and officers may have software to convert the file into a readable format. The industry awaits more details on this process.
Canadian ELDs must also meet the Technical Standard for Electronic Logging Devices published by the The Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) which outlines the minimum requirements.
Canadian ELD exemptions
The U.S. ELD mandate offers exemptions to the rule in some cases.
Commercial motor vehicles will be exempt from the elogs mandate if they:
Operate under a specific permit issued
Have a statutory exemption
Are subject to a rental agreement with terms under 30 days
Operate a vehicle that was manufactured before 2000
Acknowledging incompatibility issues, the regulations allow drivers of commercial motor vehicles manufactured before model year 2000 to continue to keep a paper log to track driving time and on-duty hours.
The Canadian ELD regulations will not change existing hours of service (HOS) regulations, but reinforce compliance. Additional benefits of the rule include reducing fatigued driving and simplifying compliance for long-haul truck drivers who drive in both countries.
Finding the right ELD solution
The Canadian ELD mandate will require the ELD system to actively warn drivers when they are running close to the hours of service limits. The Canadian hours of service rules are quite different than those in the U.S. so carriers should look at choosing an ELD vendor that 1) supports the Canadian hours of service rules completely, including deferral of OFF duty, and 2) is committed to achieving third-party certification when it becomes available.
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